Aquatic plants are an essential part of any home pond ecosystem. They help the water stay clear and filter out excess nutrients and algae. There are many plants available for water gardens, from marginal to lilies. The plants all perform a function while beautifying your pond.
GARDEN POND PLANTS
- Floating Plants: These are divided into two basic types: those with their roots in the soil and their leaves floating on the surface; and those whose roots simply dangle in the water, such as water hyacinth or water lettuce. Water hyacinth is considered an excellent purifier, soaking up ammonia and other potential toxins.
- Oxygenating Plants: These hard workers grow submerged beneath the pond’s surface. Blooming as small flowers above the water, they are indispensable to a balanced garden, taking in carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen necessary for the survival of other plants and fish.
- Marginal/Bog Plants: Some plants do best around the pond’s margins, with their ‘feet” in shallow water and their “heads” waving in the breeze. Marginal plants can be planted directly in the gravel. Their roots will spread throughout the gravel, cleaning the pond by using nutrients and growing vigorously. Bog Plants are marginal’s which prefer to grow in wet ground rather than in standing water. Marginal/Bog plants help provide a smooth transition from the pond to its borders and serve to link the pond with the surrounding landscape.
- Water Liles: Stunningly beautiful, dependable, and easy to plant, these semi floaters are the showpieces in any pond. Lilies come in hardy and tropical varieties. Hardy varieties bloom during daylight, opening at about 10 a.m. and closing after sunset. Tropical’s include both day and night bloomers.